D4j: D4j has been found in 2 studies on South American populations, one in Bolivia and one in Patagonia Mapuche and one on Bolivian natives. Given the rest of the weird lineages in the native Bolivian population, A4, B4c1a, CZ, D4J, M7a and M8/N9b, it seems a fair number of Japanese Bolivians married into the local Indian population. Sala and Corach 2014 (fig. 3 and supplementary table 3) has 1 Mapuche as D4j but this seems a typo as it has mutations defining D1j.
The Chinese individuals belong to the subclades D4j1, D4j3, and D4j6.
1/111 = 0.009 D4j6
2/111 = 0.018 D4j total
3/137 = 0.022 Chinese
1/71 = 0.014 Mainland Southeast Asian (Thai + Vietnamese)
0/197 = 0.000 Island Southeast Asian/Austronesian (Taiwan Aborigines + Orchid Islanders + Filipinos)
D4j1: D4j1 is restricted to TBs and some Baikalians. This must be an event post-split up of TB with Han.A wide variety of TB groups have been tested by Chandrasekar to have D4j1, and Qin only confirms this. D4j in Han are not D4j1, except 1 case in a Taiwanese study. 1 Thai and 1 Taiwanese Han have been found to belong to the subclade D4j1.
Mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis of a native Bolivian population
Amerindian mitochondrial DNA haplogroups predominate in the population of Argentina: towards a first nationwide forensic mitochondrial DNA sequence database
Tanaka: Mitochondrial Genome Variation in Eastern Asia and the Peopling of Japan
D4a & D4b
Yao: Phylogeographic Differentiation of Mitochondrial DNA in Han Chinese
The effectiveness of sequence variants of MTCOI and MTCYB besides entire D-Loop for haplotyping in eight population groups living in Taiwan
Sala and Corach 2014. Analysis of admixture and genetic structure of two Native American groups of Southern Argentinean Patagonia